The framework for EU relations with Ukraine is established by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (CPA) which came into force in 1998. In 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed the Association Agreement, which has been in the works since 2008 and aims to replace the existing Partnership and Cooperation Agreement and create a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade area. The political component of the agreement has been applied provisionally since 1 November 2014, as it falls within the scope of the EU`s powers alone. The part of the agreement, which provides for a free trade agreement, has been applied on an interim basis since 1 January 2016, including to the extent that the EU is the only one with the power to implement it. Cross-border trade harnesses technological leadership. This benefits both exporters and customers, as they can choose the right products from a greater variety of diversity. Germany and Vietnam already have close trade relations. The EU-Vietnam trade agreement will give it a big boost. Firstly, the Commission reaffirms its strong and pro-trade policy, which is underpinned by the following economic reality. That the EU is the largest exporter of agri-food products, with exports of 129 billion euros in 2015. These export results were determined by EU agricultural policy, technological progress and trade policy. Over the next ten years, the European Commission estimates that 90% of the additional food demand will be produced outside the EU.
The Commission therefore expects it to continue its support for free trade agreements. Whenever a country is particularly good at a field, its products and services generally seek their way to customers across national borders (and find them). This is the birth of a new export success. The Swiss export their watches all over the world; China stands out in e-commerce; and the United States is particularly good at trade in services. Everyone does what they do best. That is how world trade works; That`s how everyone benefits. In addition, EU Member States have signed a large number of investment contracts. They protect foreign investors from political risks such as discrimination and expropriation.
In the past, these agreements have generally been signed by two states (some of which are multilateral) and negotiated separately from trade agreements. The 2009 Lisbon Treaty gave the EU responsibility for negotiating such treaties for the EU as a whole and was an integral part of free trade agreements (for example). B with Canada). Subsequently, the European Court of Justice clarified that investor-state arbitration procedures were not within the exclusive jurisdiction of the EU and that, therefore, these agreements must be ratified by all Member States before coming into force. In order not to overload free trade agreements with lengthy procedures for ratifying investment protection chapters, the EU has begun to separate investment protection from free trade agreements whenever possible. In this context, although the report deals broadly with agricultural trade, it focuses on three specific EU free trade agreements with Mexico (2000), Switzerland (2002 and 2005) and South Korea (2011). Mexico is one of the earlier, more fundamental free trade agreements focused on reducing tariffs and quotas. Switzerland, the largest neighbouring trading partner for food and agricultural products. And South Korea, one of the EU`s most ambitious and comprehensive free trade agreements. It is not necessary. Countries opened their markets under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT, 1947) and then under the WTO (created in 1995).
In addition, states have committed to liberalizing trade in more than 300 trade agreements (trade agreements that are notified to the WTO and are still in force today). In addition, there are many unilateral trade agreements in which developed and emerging countries provide preferential access to developing countries. In addition, an increase in trade makes production more economical thanks to the