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The idea of the agreement was to get the two parties to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take some of the decisions taken previously by the British government in London. Some commentators have called the agreement «Sunningdale for Slow Learners,» suggesting that it was nothing more than what was proposed in the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement. [22] This assertion has been criticized by political scientists such as Richard Wilford and Stefan Wolff. The former said that «it`s… [Sunningdale and Belfast] have considerable differences, both in terms of the content and circumstances of their negotiation, implementation and implementation.» [23] The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, since it was concluded on Good Friday on 10 April 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of northern Ireland`s political parties on how to govern Northern Ireland. Discussions that led to the agreement have focused on issues that have led to conflict in recent decades. The aim was to form a new de-defyed government for Northern Ireland, where unionists and nationalists would share power. In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement forced participants to find «exclusively democratic and peaceful means to resolve political differences.» Two aspects were taken into account: the agreement sets out a framework for the creation and the number of institutions in three «parts». The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is included in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, confirmed that the Good Friday Agreement must be protected in all its parts. The Good Friday Agreement, also known as the Belfast Agreement, was signed on Good Friday on 10 April 1998.

It consists of two closely linked agreements, the Anglo-Irish Agreement and the Multi-Party Agreement. It led to the creation of a decentralised system of government in Northern Ireland and the creation of many new institutions, such as the Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive, the North South South Ministerial Council and the British Irish Council. The IRA renewed its ceasefire on 20 July 1997 and paved the way for Sinn Féin to participate in the discussions between the parties that had begun under Mitchell`s presidency.