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A confidentiality agreement can protect any type of information that is not known to all. However, confidentiality agreements may also contain clauses protecting the person receiving the information, so that if they legally receive the information through other sources, they would not be required to keep that information secret. [5] In other words, the confidentiality agreement generally requires that the receiving party process confidential information only if that information has been transmitted directly by the publishing party. However, it is sometimes easier to get a recipient party to sign a simple agreement, which is shorter, less complex and does not contain security rules to protect the recipient. [Citation required] In California (and some other U.S. states), there are special circumstances regarding confidentiality agreements and non-compete clauses. California`s courts and legislatures have indicated that they value the mobility and entrepreneurship of a worker in general more than protectionist doctrines. [7] This is a contract by which the parties agree not to disclose the information covered by the agreement. An NDA creates a confidential relationship between the parties, usually to protect any type of confidential information and business owners or secrets. Therefore, an NDA protects non-public business information. Like all contracts, they cannot be enforced if contractual activities are illegal.

NDAs are often signed when two companies, individuals or other companies (for example. B, partnerships, companies, etc.) plan to conduct transactions and must understand the processes used in the other entity`s activities to assess the potential business relationship. NDAs can be «reciprocal,» meaning that both parties are limited in their use of the materials provided or may limit the use of the material by a single party. An employee may be required to sign an NDA or NOA agreement with an employer to protect trade secrets. Indeed, some employment contracts contain a clause limiting the use and dissemination of confidential information held by companies.